A Better Way to Frack?

The innovation that has unlocked vast new reserves of natural gas is a process known as hydrofracking – or fracking for short – in which horizontal drilling is combined with blasts of pressurised water and sand. But for critics, the natural gas unlocked by fracking may come at too great a cost, says Ronald Bailey, Reason Magazine's science correspondent.

The biggest, most headline-grabbing fear is that fracking chemicals will contaminate drinking water. Luckily, there may be a technical fix that addresses these water worries and does an end run around drilling opponents: gas-fracking.

  • Developed by GasFrac Energy Services in Alberta, Canada, gas-fracking uses liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), which consists mostly of propane, instead of water to crack open shale formations to release oil and natural gas.

  • The company produces an LPG gel using phosphate esters, iron sulfate activator and magnesium oxide.

  • None are seriously toxic or are thought to be carcinogenic.

  • The injected LPG gel combined with sand fractures shale formations to release trapped oil and/or natural gas.

    So far the evidence suggests that the worst fears about hydrofracking appear to be considerably exaggerated by opponents of natural gas drilling. Nevertheless, a technology like gas-fracking may be just what the clean energy proponents are looking for, says Bailey.

    Source: Ronald Bailey, A Better Way to Frack? Reason Magazine, May 17, 2011.

    For text: http://reason.com/archives/2011/05/17/a-better-way-to-frack

    For more on Environment Issues: http://www.ncpa.org/sub/dpd/index.php?Article_Category=31

    First published by the National Center for Policy Analysis, United States

    FMF Policy Bulletin/ 31 May 2011
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