It also requires well-thought-out pathways for those who've been out of the labour force for some time.
The second would be to look at the education system itself.
In 2019, the government spent an average of R15 963 a pupil a year in the public education system.
It could look at carefully introducing a school voucher system, weighted for factors like parental income, per capita income of the neighbourhood the school is in and other salient factors.
This should be bolstered by Anthea Jeffrey's proposal that companies earn Economic Empowerment for the Disadvantaged points for funding the private schooling of poor children.
The third would be to centre the land question in urban areas.
This is a question of how urban land use policy can be used to strengthen land and property rights among the most disadvantaged South Africans.
Strengthening property rights is essential, because the main way working class and middle-class people around the world build generational wealth is through their homes.
When young people are educated and have access to jobs, the next piece of the jigsaw (especially considering our unjust history) is fair and equitable access to land.
This enables people to build good, quality and affordable housing and begin to build generational wealth.
The issue of affordable housing can also be left to the market. There are promising signs in Cape Town itself through a company called UBU.
Their slogan, "build it slowly", encompasses a community-involved process of people being able to build their own houses using materials like sandbags and even the zinc used for informal settlement structures, which can be upgraded as households earn more money.
UBU’s process has been rubberstamped by Habitat for Humanity.
Another promising company is the Port Elizabeth-based Moladi, which has a global footprint, but oddly with very slow uptake in its native South Africa.
Despite the often unfair bad press that free market capitalism gets in South Africa, a combination of humanity, compassion, smart policy and unleashing the market can certainly and incrementally chip away at the conditions that produced the horror show we saw in Cape Town and often see in our big cities.
It can be done. This article was first published on City Press on 13 July 2020