The unemployment rate in the U.S.A. does not include 14 to 15 year-olds. However, there are a large number of 14 to 15 year-olds who work. In a recent study, it was found that people who work during their early teenage years share certain common characteristics. About 25 percent of male high school students aged 14 to15 years worked over 20 hours per week in 1980.
The study found this about early teenage employment:
Employment at ages 14 and 15 does not adversely affect school continuation two years later.
Wages are not affected two years later.
However in later years, people who work during those years work more hours and get better pay than those who do not.
The study also found that Hispanics, blacks, and females all work in lesser numbers than whites and males. This seems to mimic current demographic trends in the current workforce. The study states that those who work at the ages of 14 and 15 are better workers in the future. However, the authors cannot conclude whether the jobs create a better work ethic or whether those that works at 14 and 15 are already good workers.
Source: Koushik Ghosh, Does Early Work Experience Matter? Journal of Economics, Volume XXV, No. 1, 2000.
For more on Workforce Participation Younger Workers
Publish date: 04 December 2000
The views expressed in the article are the author’s and are not necessarily shared by the members of the Foundation.