Russia parliament votes to strengthen KGB successor
Russia's parliament on Friday voted to boost the powers of the successor to the Soviet KGB, allowing it to summon people it believes are about to commit a crime and threaten jail for those who disobey its orders.
Rights groups said the proposed regulations could be used by the FSB security service to detain opposition activists and independent journalists and undermine President Dmitry Medvedev's promises to foster civil rights.
"It's a step toward a police state," said Vladimir Ulas, a member of the opposition Communist Party. "It is effectively a ban on any real opposition activity."
The bill, which would allow the FSB to issue a legally binding summons to anyone whose actions it considers as "causing or creating the conditions for committing a crime," was passed in the first of three required readings in the State Duma.
All 313 members of Prime Minister Vladimir Putin's United Russia party present voted in favour, while the Communists joined the smaller pro-Kremlin parties, Fair Russia and the Liberal Democrats, in opposing the bill.
Gennady Gudkov, whose Fair Russia party rarely opposes government-backed legislation, described it as "a leftover order from the Soviet Union."
He said he would lobby for changes to the bill before the second reading. It also needs approval by the United Russia-dominated upper house and Medvedev's signature.
The bill would set a penalty of up to 15 days in prison for anyone who "disobeys a legitimate order" from an FSB agent. Rights groups say the changes taken together could allow the FSB to detain anyone it likes without any judicial process.
"A warning sounds benign, but under Russian law it can have serious consequences," said Allison Gill, Moscow director of New York-based Human Rights Watch. "It is a significant increase in power for the FSB."
Source: Reuters, Russia parliament votes to strengthen KGB successor, Kyivpost, June 11, 2010.
For text: http://www.kyivpost.com/news/russia/detail/69373/
For more on International Issues: http://www.ncpa.org/sub/dpd/index.php?Article_Category=26
First published by the National Center for Policy Analysis, United States
FMF Policy Bulletin/ 22 June 2010
FMF Policy Bulletin
Publish date: 01 July 2010
The views expressed in the article are the author’s and are not necessarily shared by the members of the Foundation.